But critics say the unrelenting addition of administrators and professional staffs can’t help but to have driven this steep increase. “It’s almost Orwellian,” said Vedder. “The students vote for them. This would indeed be a shocking revelation, if it were true. For public schools, the ratio is 16.60 to 1 and 13.52 for private schools. The number of non-academic administrative and professional employees at U.S. colleges and universities has more than doubled in the last 25 years, vastly outpacing the growth in the number of students or faculty, according to an analysis of federal figures. “They’ve increased their hiring of part-time faculty to try and cut costs,” said Donna Desrochers, a principal researcher at the Delta Cost Project, which studies higher-education spending. During the same period, the number of administrators and professional staff has more than doubled. The decline is happening across all UC campuses. “Institutions have said that they were hurting, so I would have thought that staffing overall would go down,” Desrochers said. Universities and colleges continued adding employees even after the beginning of the economic downturn, though at a slightly slower rate, the federal figures show. During the same period, the number of administrators and professional staff has more than doubled. Today is National Voter Registration Day! One example, the central office of the California State University System, now has a budget bigger than those of three of the system’s 23 campuses. There are now two nonacademic employees at public and two and a half at private universities and colleges for every one full-time, tenure-track member of the faculty. There’s also been a massive hiring boom in central offices of public university systems and universities with more than one campus, according to the figures. Among public institutions, the smallest median ratio — 0.16 — is found in medium-sized doctoral universities with the greatest amount of research activity. “The administration-to-instruction ratio would still be the same, but clearly less would be going to instruction and faculty,” he wrote. %PDF-1.6 %���� The ratio is full-time TN/TT faculty divided by full-time administrators. endstream endobj 1539 0 obj <>stream The ratio of nonacademic employees to faculty has also doubled. Sign up for membership to become a founding member and help shape HuffPost's next chapter, Highest Paid Private College Presidents: Chronicle of Higher Education List (Released 2013). Letters and Notices. In 1987, the ratio of tenure-track faculty to full-time administrators at public research universities was 0.96, a balance of about one-to-one, with a slight tilt toward administrators. “None of them have reduced campus administrative burdens at all,” said King, who said he is particularly frustrated by this trend. “I wouldn’t buy a used car from a university president,” said Vedder. The study identifies the optimal ratio as 3 tenure-tack faculty to each full-time professional administrator. )�Ic0i ��?�7Q�^<3��^Dž�+KP�7׻Q�*K�BV��U Top-ranked Williams College had a ratio of 7 students to each faculty member, and most classes had enrollments of 20 students or fewer. All these activities are a distraction from what the institution is supposed to be doing.”. That's an unhealthy number that almost guarantees that instructors will not be overly invested in mentoring all of their students closely. “All of those things pile up, and contribute to this increase,” said Dan King, president of the American Association of University Administrators. Centralization has been promoted as a way to reduce costs, but Vedder points out that it has not appeared to reduce the rate of hiring of administrators and professional staffs on campus—or of incessant spikes in tuition. Universities have added these administrators and professional employees even as they’ve substantially shifted classroom teaching duties from full-time faculty to less-expensive part-time adjunct faculty and teaching assistants, the figures show. From the blog Remaking the University is an interesting article with charts showing the decline in the ratio between ladder rank faculty and senior management staff at the University of California. Employee Ratio Worksheet (PDF) Guidelines for Assessing the Ratio of Administrative Employees to Teachers. “They’ll say, ‘We’ll save money if we centralize.’ Then they hire a provost or associate provost or an assistant business manager in charge of shared services, and then that person hires an assistant, and you end up with more people than you started with.”, In higher education, “Everyone now is a chief,” he said. These data suggest school administration is … However, some institutions on this list – such as Johns Hopkins University and Duke University – have large student populations (about 15,000 each), so this isn’t always the case. endstream endobj 1540 0 obj <>stream In a 2011 interview with THE, he suggested comparing the ratio of academic to administration staff in individual institutions to highlight outliers. “It’s a lie. I appreciate what you have said about the administrators and the faculty staff. h�T�ˊ�@E�v&�����2 � ��6)��� The number of employees in central system offices has increased six-fold since 1987, and the number of administrators in them by a factor of more than 34. “But it didn’t.”. Analyzing data from 137 public universities from 1987 through 2008, they found that on average the ratio was two administrators to one full-time faculty member when the most cost-effective ratio is one administrator for three every full-time faculty members. The number of Purdue administrators has jumped 54 percent in the past decade—almost eight times the growth rate of tenured and tenure-track faculty. Company executives can use the HR-to-employee ratio to trim the HR staff or hire more if it is determined that more or less HR staff are needed to manage the employees' needs. “I think there’s legitimate criticism” of the growth in hiring of administrators and other nonacademic employees, said King. 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